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Prof. Florentin Smarandache, SUAFlorentin Smarandache is 55

Anniversary celebration


Dr. Florentin Smarandache is a polymath: as author, co-author, editor, and co-editor of 139 books and over 175 scientific papers. On December 10th, 2009, he will be 55 years old.


Actually he is a Renaissance man since he published in many fields, such as: mathematics (number theory, statistics, non-Euclidean geometry), computer science (artificial intelligence, information fusion), physics (quantum physics, particle physics), economics (cultural economics, poly-emporium theory), philosophy (neutrosophy – a generalization of dialectics, neutrosophic logic – a generalization of intuitionistic fuzzy logic), social sciences (political essays), literature (poetry, prose, essays, novel, dramas, children plays, translations), arts (avant-garde/experimental drawings, collages, paintings).


His books are to be found in, Amazon Kindle, Google Book Search, Library of Congress (Washington D. C.), and in many libraries around the world. In international scientific database, sustained by Cornell University, he together with co-authors has about 140 scientific papers.


Florentin Smarandache in Alaska (August 2009)


Dr. Smarandache is the creator of Dezert-Smarandache Theory in Information Fusion (applied mathematics), together with Dr. J. Dezert from France. This theory is internationally known since it is used in robotics, medicine, military, cybernetics, and every year since 2003 he is invited to present tutorials and papers about it at Fusion International Conferences in Australia (2003), Sweden (2004), USA (2005), Italy (2006), Canada (2007), Germany (2008), or at Marcus Evans’s Defense Seminars in Spain (2006), Belgium (2007), or at other universities (in Indonesia in 2006).

He was invited speaker and sponsored by NASA in 2004 and by NATO in 2005.

His papers are published by the Proceedings of these Conferences.

Many Ph D Theses have been sustained at universities in Canada, France, Italy, and a M. Sc. Thesis at Tehran University in Iran.

See the site of DSmT that he designed and maintained himself at:


In Smarandache algebraic structures, such as monoid, semigroup, vector space, linear algebra, etc.,  students from IIT (Indian Institute of Technology)  in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, did and still do Ph D theses under the direction of Dr. W. B. Vasantha Kandasamy, who is one of his contributors to many such algebraic structures’ studies



He set up and developed the Neutrosophic Logic/Set/Probability, which are generalizations of fuzzy logic (especially intuitionistic fuzzy logic), fuzzy set (especially intuitionistic fuzzy set), and respectively imprecise probability.

He was an invited speaker at University of Berkeley in 2003 at a conference organized by the famous L. Zadeh, the father of fuzzy sets; also invited speaker in India (2004), Indonesia (2006), Egypt (2007).

There were two Ph D theses on them at Georgia State University in Atlanta, and at Queensland University in Australia (see:


Smarandache notions in Number Theory, also internationally known, such as Smarandache sequences, Smarandache functions, Smarandache constants (which are included even in the prestigious “CRC Encyclopedia of Mathematics”, by E. Weinstein, CRC Press, Florida, 1998; see

Several Smarandache functions are included in the “Handbook of Number Theory”, by Jozsef Sandor, Springer-Verlag, 2006.

Smarandache-Wellin Numbers and Primes are also treated in a book by the well-known number theorists R. Crandall and C. Pomerance, called “Prime Numbers: A Computational Perspective”, 2nd ed., New York: Springer-Verlag, 2005.

Other work by Dr. Florentin Smarandache in Number Theory and Combinatorics, such as open problems and conjectures, are subject to many research papers published by Xi’an University from China in the “Scientia Magna” international journal (see its last issue at:, and by Chinese Academy of Sciences from Beijing in “International Journal of Mathematical Combinatorics” (see its last issue at:

In Number Theory there has been organized an International Conference on Smarandache Notions in Number Theory in 1997 at the University of Craiova, Romania (where he graduated as first of his graduates in 1979), organized by Dr. C. Dumitrescu & Dr. V. Seleacu (see

This conference is listed in the prestigious “Notices of the American Mathematical Society” journal, Providence, NJ, USA, Vol. 48, No. 8, p. 903, 2001.

In China there have been organized four “International Conferences on Number Theory and Smarandache Problems” in 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008.  Dr. Zhang Wenpeng together with his students from Northwest University in Xi’an, China, edited an international journal called “Scientia Magna” where there are many papers on Smarandache notions in number theory. Several of them are listed in the prestigious “Notices of the American Mathematical Society” journal.

See for example the proceedings of the 2008 international conference:


He is the editor of the international journal “Progress in Physics”, printed and edited at UNM-Gallup, with international contributors and sponsors, and subscriptions from various research nuclear institutes from around the world.

See one of its issues at:


In Physics he coined the notion of “unmatter”, revealed some “Sorites quantum paradoxes”, used the neutrosophic logic (which is a multi-valued logic) to extend physics spaces, and extended together with V. Christianto physical differential equations from quaternion form to biquaternion form; see also the Smarandache-Christianto potential (


In Economics he wrote together with V. Christianto about cultural economics as an alternative for underdeveloped countries, and proposed a poly-emporium theory (


In Philosophy he did a synthesis of multiple contradictory philosophical ideas and schools of thought, extending Hegel’s dialectics to neutrosophy, which means analysis of not only the opposites but also the neutralities in between that interact with them (


In humanistic fields, he is considered the father of “paradoxism” in literature, which is an avant-garde movement based on excessive use of antitheses, oxymorons, contradictions, paradoxes in creations. He published five International Anthologies on Paradoxism, where have contributed hundreds of writers from over the world (


His anti-dictatorial drama "Country of the Animals", drama with no words!, was performed at the International Festival of Student Theaters, Casablanca (Morocco), September 1-21, 1995, it was staged three times by Thespis Theater (producer Diogene V. Bihoi) and it received The Jury Special Award;

it was also staged at Karlsruhe (Germany), September 29, 1995.

While a children play written by him "Pacala, Ursul si Balaurul" [Trickster, the Bead, and the Dragon], was staged by the National Dramatic Theater <I.D.Sîrbu>, director: Dumitru Velea, at Petrosani, Romania, in September 1997;



He also did electronic art (using computer programs), experimental art (outer-art), and pledged for the Unification of Art Theories



At Arizona State University, Hayden Library, in Tempe, Arizona, there is a large special collection called “The Florentin Smarandache Papers” (which has more than 30 linear feet) with books, journals, manuscripts, documents, CDs, DVDs, video tapes by him or about his work.


Another special collection “The Florentin Smarandache Papers” is at The University of Texas at Austin, Archives of American Mathematics (within the Center for American History).


His professional web site: has about Ľ million hits per month! It is the largest and most visited site at UNM Gallup campus.

Inside this, his sub-directory site Digital Library of Science (, with many of his published scientific books but also with books and journals of others about his scientific creations, gets about 1,000 hits per day!

His Digital Library of Arts & Letters (, with many of his literary and art books or albums, or about his literary and artistic creations, gets about 100 hits per day.

He became very popular around the world since over 3,000,000 people per year from about 110 countries read and download his e-books; many of his books have thousands of hits per month.


Romanian version here >>


Redactia Agero nu îşi asumă răspunderea pentru conţinutul articolelor publicate. Pentru aceasta sunt raspunzatori doar autorii, în concordanţă cu legea presei germane. Publicarea scrisorilor de la cititori sau a mesajelor pe Forumul de discuţii al Agero se face în virtutea libertăţii la opinie şi expresie a acesteia. Punctul de vedere şi ideatica scrisorilor şi mesajelor afisate nu coincid în mod necesar cu cele ale redacţiei. Impressum >>

       Editor, redactor sef, conceptie, tehnoredactarea Revistei Agero:  Lucian Hetco (Germania).

              Colectivul de redactie: Ion Măldărescu (România), Melania Cuc (Romania, Canada), Maria Diana Popescu (România), Cezarina Adamescu (România)

Poşta redactiei: revista_agero@